[DFH+04] M. Duflot, L. Fribourg, T. Hérault, R. Lassaigne, F. Magniette, S. Messika, S. Peyronnet and C. Picaronny. Probabilistic model checking of the CSMA/CD protocol using PRISM and APMC. In Proc. 4th Workshop on Automated Verification of Critical Systems (AVoCS'04), volume 128(6) of Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science, pages 195-214, Elsevier Science. September 2004. [ps.gz] [pdf] [bib]
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Notes: ENTCS is available at www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/15710661.
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Abstract. Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) is the protocol for carrier transmission access in Ethernet networks (international standard IEEE 802.3). On Ethernet, any Network Interface Card (NIC) can try to send a packet in a channel at any time. If another NIC tries to send a packet at the same time, a collision is said to occur and the packets are discarded. The CSMA/CD protocol was designed to avoid this problem, more precisely to allow a NIC to send its packet without collision. This is done by way of a randomized exponential backo process. In this paper, we analyse the correctness of the CSMA/CD protocol, using techniques from probabilistic model checking and approximate probabilistic model checking. The tools that we use are PRISM and APMC. Moreover, we provide a quantitative analysis of some CSMA/CD properties.